How many cardinal electors are there?

Short Answer:

Cardinal electors are the Cardinals of the Catholic Church who are eligible to enter the conclave and will cast ballots to elect a new pope.  Of the 207 total cardinals in the Church 117 cardinals qualify as “Cardinal Electors.”*

Details:

According to the Vatican Information Service blog:

John Paul II’s Apostolic Constitution “Universi Dominici Gregis”, which will regulate the conclave, establishes in no. 33 that cardinals who have reached their eightieth birthday before the day when the Apostolic See becomes vacant will not be cardinal electors.  For that reason, for example, Cardinal Walter Kasper, who turns 80 on 5 March will be an elector, as is also the case for Cardinal Severino Poletto, who turns 80 on 18 March. 

On the other hand Cardinal Husar of the Ukraine will turn 80 on February 26, 2013, and will thus become ineligible (by two days) to be a Cardinal Elector for the upcoming conclave.
While cardinals who are over the age of 80 cannot be electors they can still participate in the pre-conclave meetings and discussions.  They can also be selected to be the next pope.
*Although 117 cardinals are qualified to be electors, it appears that there may be 115 cardinal electors in attendance for the 2013 conclave. Cardinal Julius Riyadi Darmaatmadja, Archbishop Emeritus of Jakarta has announced that he will not be attending the conclave due to severe health problems with his eyes.  And in the UK, Cardinal Keith O’Brien will not travel to Rome for the conclave following Vatican acceptance his resignation as Archbishop of St. Andrews and Edinburgh.  O’Brien, who is embroiled in allegations of inappropriate conduct, stated he would not attend the upcoming conclave at the Vatican as he did not “wish media attention in Rome to be focused on me.”

For More Information:

Here is the relevant paragraph of the Universi Domenici Gregis, the 1996 document promulgated by Pope John Paul II which governs the procedures for electing a new Roman Pontiff: THE ELECTION OF THE ROMAN PONTIFF

CHAPTER I
THE ELECTORS OF THE ROMAN PONTIFF 33. The right to elect the Roman Pontiff belongs exclusively to the Cardinals of Holy Roman Church, with the exception of those who have reached their eightieth birthday before the day of the Roman Pontiff's death or the day when the Apostolic See becomes vacant. The maximum number of Cardinal electors must not exceed one hundred and twenty. The right of active election by any other ecclesiastical dignitary or the intervention of any lay power of whatsoever grade or order is absolutely excluded.


EWTN has a list of Cardinal Electors, each cardinal's name is linked to a photo and biography. There are photos of the cardinal electors on the Vatican site.


You can find a list of all of the Cardinal Electors, listed by age, on the CanonLaw.Info website

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